Grade 1 - At Home Practice
Research shows that the best way to grow as a reader is to continue to read, read, read!
It is always recommended to read to and with your child. Exposure to content, vocabulary, and interacting with text in general are all fabulously beneficial for any child's reading development. Check out the section called "The Just Right Book" for tips on how to find good fit books for independent reading at home.
Often parents will ask about words/skills to practice at home. Students who struggle with reading often need extra practice with sight words, and require an extra boost of phonics work with CVC words, V-E words, digraphs, and eventually glued sounds. See below for some word lists that can be used for games and practice at home. Please check with me or your child's teacher to be sure exactly which patterns/words are appropriate for practicing now. For example, we will work on CVC (consonant, vowel, consonant) words for the first few months before we move on to adding the "silent-e"
Keep in mind - sight words do not always follow rules so we can't rely on "sounding them out"! These are words that need to be memorized (the, of, my, was, etc.) . There are some high frequency words that technically do "follow" phonics rules that first graders would understand (for example, when, and, then, etc.), but for the most part, we teach students that we need to learn these words by sight.
SIGHT/TRICK WORDS (We start by making sure first grade students know all of the KINDERGARTEN sight words first :)
These words do not follow predictable words. Most of them cannot be "sounded out" and must be memorized.
- Ways to Practice Sight Words - This is a list of different ways you can practice writing sight words at home. You can also use the words for flashcards, to play games, etc.
- Kindergarten Sight Words: a, and, you, we, like, is, I, do, the, my, was, of, can, me, he, she, at, so, on, in
- Grade 1 Sight Words - These are words that students will be expected to read and spell over the course of the year. It can be overwhelming to try to learn too many of these at, once, so if you plan to use these with your child, please only focus on a few at a time. Remember, most of them cannot be "sounded out" and must be memorized.
These words follow the rules! They can be "sounded out" and they follow predictable patterns. There are many other phonics skills covered in grade 1, but these are the big ones that are usually needed for review in reading support sessions.
- CVC Word List (These are words with three sounds and a short vowel sound. I included some words with digraphs. At the beginning of first grade, students who struggle with reading may not be ready to master the words with digraphs (sh, ch, wh, ck, th).
- CVC Word Family Lists (These can be used for building fluency with CVC words.)
- Words with Digraphs ( 2 consonants that make one sound - wh, th, sh, ch, ck)
- Glued Sounds - am, an, all (These are called "Glued Sounds" because the letters make a nasal sound when they are combined and are difficult to sound out in isolation.)
- V-E Word List (The Silent E "makes the vowel say its name" - take, hope, mule, Pete, etc.)
Phonemic Awareness - Phonemic Awareness is the invisible foundation of reading success. It involves the sounds we hear before we associate sounds with print. Students must be able to hear rhyme, beginning/medial/ending sounds. They also must be able to manipulate these sounds by adding, deleting, or substituting sounds. All of this work prepares the brain to be able to link sounds to letters. Many struggling readers have a weak PA base, and therefore need extra practice.
Reading Behaviors Practiced with Levels A & B (usually October/November):