What is the Daily 5?
As quoted from the creators’ website, the Daily 5 “is a structure that helps students develop the daily habits of reading, writing, and working independently that will lead to a lifetime of literacy independence.” (http://www.thedailycafe.com)This program, created by Gail Boushey and Joan Moser, focuses on 5 essential components of literacy and provides a structure that allows students to take part in these activities every day, in a meaningful and engaging way, that is completely tailored to the specific needs of each student.
At the start of the year, the teacher studies data from assessments and one-on-one conferences to assign each student a reading level. Throughout the year, students learn vital skills such as choosing a book that is a “good fit”, based on their strengths, and how to use the color and number codes in our classroom library to select appropriate books. As students become stronger readers, their level changes and they move along the progression.Throughout the year, new and different reading strategies are introduced, modeled and practiced. Some of these skills include: reading the pictures, tapping out sounds, backing up to re-read, and using context clues. These skills are continuously reviewed and and practiced with the goal of mastery.
What is Guided Reading?
Guided Reading groups are integrated into our literacy rotations every day. Guided Reading is essentially targeted small group reading practice and instruction. The group of approximately 4 students all reads the same text based on their current level, and focuses on a specific reading skill that they have shown need for. After an introduction of the text, and the goals for that day, students begin to silently read the text at their own pace. The teacher listens to each student quietly read part of the text to evaluate the individual strengths and goals of each reader. Teacher feedback is shared and discussed with the student, and once completed, the text is discussed among peers in the small group setting. Areas that are most focused on include Comprehension, Accuracy, Fluency, and Expanding Vocabulary. Connections are also often made to other curriculum areas like Science and Social Studies, as well as Spelling Patterns being learned in class. The goal and focus for each student and small group changes as time progresses, and as certain skills are mastered. This system allows for a customized reading program for each student, and a fun way for students to practice skills and disucss interesting texts with their peers.How are the Daily 5 and Guided Reading Used in 2E?The students in 2E quickly become professionals in working with the Daily 5 and Guided Reading rotations each day. They get very comfortable with rotating through stations and can often run this part of the day with little prompting. They begin to look forward to this part of the day, and you can actually witness their love of reading increase throughout the year, which is a special thing to see!Many of our literacy blocks start with a mini lesson about a new reading strategy (like "back up and re-read" for fluency), a language concept (like proper nouns or irregular past tense verbs), or a writing skill (like how a great author uses an entertaining beginning to grab the reader's attention). Then, students break into their leveled reading groups and participate in 10-15 minute long rotations through the Daily 5 activities. One rotation is always to sit with the teacher in their Guided Reading group as described above.
This means that on a daily basis, our students are participating in rich, organic reading experiences. They maybe "getting lost" in a gripping, high interest book that they chose themselves during "Read to Self” or sharing the joy of reading with another student during "Read to Someone". In the rotation called "Listen to Reading", they have an opportunity to listen to fluent and expressive reading on the computer or from a book on tape. The "Word Work" rotation has students building new words, practicing our current spelling pattern, or growing their vocabulary by investigating and using new words through games, puzzles, and tactile word building activities.
Please visit the Daily Café website for even more information!